Concepts of Kinesio Taping Therapy

We are constantly using our muscles throughout the day, contracting and relaxing them within their normal range of motion; however, when muscles over contract or become pulled such as when lifting an excessive amount of weight the tissues become inflamed. When a muscle is inflamed, it becomes swollen, stiff and tired as a result of the space between the skin and muscle becoming compressed. This leads to a constriction of lymphatic fluid flow, whereby chemical irritants from the injury constantly stimulate “specific neural receptors” in the tissue to relay this signal to the brain which the brain then interprets as PAIN.

 

Space for Flow of Lymphatic Fluid

Illustration showing model of skin prior to Kinesio Tex Tape Application.

Illustration showing model of skin prior to Kinesio Tex Tape Application

 

Conventional taping methods are typically designed to restrict movement of affected muscles and joints. In order to do this, the athletic tape used has to be void of any elastic properties and requires several layers to be applied rolled over and around the affected area. This provides a compression of the tissues resulting in obstruction of lymphatic flow, the result of which we now know to be UNDESIRABLE.

Kinesio taping however is based on the purpose of allowing free range of motion to occur thereby assisting the body’s muscular system to heal itself while building strength and maintaining function. This action is accomplished through the elastic nature of kinesio tape, reinforcing the properties of muscle while also limiting the muscle from being over stretched. It may look like regular athletic tape but the fundamental  and functional properties of it are significantly different.